Al-Samarrai, S. & Bennell, P., 2003. Where has all the education gone in Africa? Employment outcomes among secondary school and university leavers. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK.
Al-Samarrai, S. and Bennell, P. (2003) Where has all the education gone in Africa? IDS and KSD, Brighton.
Mugabushaka, Alexis-Michel; Schomburg, Harald and Teichler, Ulrich (eds.): Higher Education and Work in Africa. A Comparative Empirical Study in Selected Countries. Kassel: International Centre for Higher Education Research Kassel 2007 (Werkstattberichte, 69) . (download)
- Schomburg, Harald (2007): "Work Orientation, Job Satisfaction and Professional Success of Graduates from African Universities". In: Mugabushaka, Schomburg and Teichler (eds.): Higher Education and Work in Africa. A Comparative Empirical Study in Selected Countries. Kassel, University of Kassel, International Centre for Higher Education Research, Werkstattberichte 69, 111-126. [http://www.ingradnet.org/surveys/schomburg_2007.pdf] ( download)
- Kaijage, Erasmus (2007): Employment and Work of African Graduates: An Empirical Analysis in Six Countries. In: Mugabushaka, Schomburg and Teichler (eds.): Higher Education and Work in Africa. A Comparative Empirical Study in Selected Countries. Kassel, University of Kassel, International Centre for Higher Education Research, Werkstattberichte 69, 111-126. [http://www.ingradnet.org/surveys/kaijage_2007.pdf] ( download)
- Teichler, Ulrich: Background and Aims of the Analysis of African Graduates‘ Employment and Work. In: Mugabushaka, Alexis-Michel; Schomburg, Harald and Teichler, Ulrich (eds.): Higher Education and Work in Africa. A Comparative Empirical Study in Selected Countries. Kassel: International Centre for Higher Education Research Kassel 2007 (Werkstattberichte, 69).
Jerusalem Yibeltal Yizengaw (2016): Higher Education and Labor Market in Ethiopia: A Tracer Study of Graduate Employment in Engineering From Addis Ababa and Bahir Dar Universities. Dissertation Adis Ababa University 2016.
A Tracer Study on the Graduates of Mekelle University. http://www.mu.edu.et/index.php/10-research/1550-a-tracer-study-on-the-graduates-of-mekelle-university
John Mabley (2017): Graduates Tracer Study Report. University of Gondar. http://www.uog.edu.et/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Graduates-Tracer-Study.pdf
Stephanie Petrasch (2012): Analysing female competencies and skills entering the employment market: A case study of engineering graduates under gender perspective from Ethiopia. Presentation at the EXLIMA conference in Bali/Indonesia.
Teshome Nekatibeb and Aklilu Amsalu (2012): Graduate Employment and Professional Success in Ethiopia: A Case Study of Addis Ababa University. Presentation at the EXLIMA conference in Bali/Indonesia.
Batse Z.M.K and Gyeke Oware (1992). Graduate Tracer Study: A Study of Employed and Unemployed Graduates in Ghana. Report of the Institute for Statistical, Social and Economic Research, University of Ghana, Legon for the Ministry of Education, Higher Education Division. Djangmah (1999) The Challenge of further vocationalizing university Education in Ghana : A survey of University Graduates. (unpublished Report)
Obando, J. and Shisanya, C.: Institutionalizing Tracer Studies in Higher Education Institutions in Africa: The Experience of Kenyatta University. Presentation at the International Conference "Experiences with Link and Match in Higher Education. Results of Tracer Studies Worldwide (EXLIMA)". Bali, Indonesia, October 22 - 23 2012. (download).
Omar Egesah and Mary Wahome: Moi University Tracer (MUTRACE). Link Between Graduates Study & Job Experiences at Moi University, Kenya. Presentation at the International Conference "Experiences with Link and Match in Higher Education. Results of Tracer Studies Worldwide (EXLIMA)". Bali, Indonesia, October 22 - 23 2012. (download).
Kimani, G.N and Kinyanjui, J.W (1999). Assessment of the Effectiveness of the Bachelor of Education Programme (B.Ed.Arts) in meeting Job needs of Graduates of University of Nairobi (unpublished Report)
Karugu (2001). Higher Education and Work : Survey of Graduates of Kenyatta University. (unpublished report).
With support of the the National Council for Higher Education the three biggest universities in Namibia (University of Namibia, Namibia University of Science and Technology and the International University of Management) conducted several graduate tracer studies in the last years with common questionnaire and the same methodology. The last survey was conducted 2019 and covered graduates who finished 2014, 2015 and 2016. In total 6,359 graduates participated in the online survey which represents a net response rate of 44 per cent.
Overview of the research publications from NCHE: http://www.nche.org.na/publications/documents .
National Council for Higher Education (2019): 2019 National Graduate Survey Report. (download).
National Council for Higher Education (2018): National Graduate Survey for 2012 and 2013 Cohorts. (download).
National Council for Higher Education (2011): Tracer Study of Graduates from Higher Education Institutions 1999-2008. (download).
Omoifo, C.N; Badmus, G.A and Awanbor D. (1996). Education and achievement in the early Career of the University University of Benin Graduates. Report of the1996 University of Benin Graduates’s Tracer Study. (unpublished Report).
Omotosho, J. (2000). Higher Education and Work : A Survey of Alumni of the University of Ilorin who Graduated between 1985 and 1994. (unpublished Report)
Ugwuonah G. E. & Omeje K. C.(1998) Final Report of Tracer Study Research Project on Higher Education and Work. Institute for Development Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus. http://www.aau.org/studyprogram/notpub/ugowomeje.pdf
Anyanwu G. A and Iloeje, I. C (1999). Graduates’s Employment Survey : A Tracer Study of the Graduates of the Faculties of Arts and Agriculture at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. (unpublished Report)
S.N Zembere and M.P.M. Chinyama (1996). The University Of Malawi Graduate Tracer
Study 1996. Download
J.M Dubbey (1988). The Malawi tracer study. (not published)
Tertiary Education Commission: Graduate Tracer Study 2011. A Preliminary Report.
2012 Tertiary Education Commission: Graduate Tracer Study 2008. 2009
South Africa – VET
Bennell, P. and Monyokolo, M. (1994) The lost generation? Employment outcomes among high school graduates in South Africa. International Journal of Educational Development, 14( 2), pp. 195-206
Michael Cosser, Simon McGrath, Azeem Badroodien & Botshabelo Maja (eds): Technical College Responsiveness. Learner destinations and labour market environments in South Africa. Cape Town: HSRC Publishers 2003. [http://www.hsrcpress.ac.za]
South Africa – HE
Kraak, PATHWAYS FROM UNIVERSITY TO WORK. A Graduate Destination Survey of the 2010 Cohort of Graduates from the Western Cape Universities. Cape Higher Education Consortium (CHEC) 2013 [http://www.chec.ac.za/files/CHEC%20Graduate%20Survey%20FULL%20REPORT%20WEB.pdf]
Web site: http://www.chec.ac.za/
Tanzania - HE
Al-Samarrai, S. and Reilly, B. (2005) Education, employment and earnings of secondary school leavers in Tanzania: Evidence from a tracer study. [http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/129/]
Baldauf, Beate und Lwambuka, Ladislaus: Findings of the Graduates’ and Employers’ Surveys 1989. In: University of Dar es Salaam, Faculty of Engineering (ed.): University Education and Engineering Profession in Tanzania. Dar es Salaam, 1993.
Kaijage, E. S.: Faculty of Commerce and Manag ement graduates and their employers: A tracer study. University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam 2000.
Winkler, Helmut; Hartmann, Klaus und Schomburg, Harald: Engineers in Tanzania. A secondary Analysis - Graduate and Employer Survey 1985 - Faculty of Dar es Salaam. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH. Eschborn 1992.
Uganda - HE
Mayanja, M.K. ; Nakayiwa-Mayega, F. ;Adebua, A. ; Kabuye, M.K. and Kaase-Bwanga, E. (1999). A Comparative Study of Makerere University Graduates from the faculties of Arts & Science. (unpublished Report)
Makerere Institute of Social Research (MISR): Graduate Tracer and Employers' Expectations Studies. Kampala: National Council for Higher Education (NCHE) 2006. http://www.unche.or.ug/wp-content/plugins/download-attachments/includes/download.php?id=252
Bennell, P. and Ncube, M. (1994) Jobs for the boys? The employment experiences of secondary school-leavers in Zimbabwe. Journal of Southern African Studies, 20(2), pp. 301-15.
Bennell, P. and Ncube, M. (1993) Education and training outcomes: University graduates in Zimbabwe during the 1980s. Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research,5(2), pp. 107-123.